Cisco Nexus Checkpoint & Rollback [NX-OS]

Reference: Firewall.cx

Introduction:

The Cisco NX-OS checkpoint feature provides the capability to capture at any time a snapshot (backup) of the Cisco Nexus configuration before making any changes. The captured configuration (checkpoint) can then be used to roll back and restore the original configuration.

Configuration:

1- Create Checkpoint:

Switch(config)# checkpoint Checkpoint-1 description *** Testing the checkpoint feature ***
.....Done

2- Verification:

N5k-UP(config)# show checkpoint summary

3- Call Rollback:

The next rollback command options are provided for the Nexus 5000Nexus 7000 and Nexus 9000 Series:

  • Atomic: This is the default rollback type and applies the rollback file only if no errors occur
  • Verbose: This option displays the execution log and allows the user to see the applied configuration

In addition, the Nexus 7000 and Nexus 9000 Series supports the following extra rollback options:

  • Best-effort: Implement a rollback and skip any errors
  • Stop-at-first-failure: Implement a rollback that stops if an error occurs
Switch(config)# rollback running-config checkpoint Checkpoint-1 ?
<CR>
atomic Stop rollback and revert to original configuration (default)
verbose Show the execution log

system-generated checkpoint:

The system-generated checkpoint name convention has the format system-fm-feature. To help illustrate this automated feature we attempted to disable the VRRP feature on our Nexus 5000 therefore triggering the system to create a checkpoint. First we confirm the VRRP feature is enabled by issuing the show feature | include vrrp command then disable it and then verify it has been disabled:

Switch(config)# no feature vrrp

vrrp 1 disabled

Switch# show checkpoint summary
User Checkpoint Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1) Checkpoint-1:
Created by admin
Created at Thu, 08:10:29 22 May2017
Size is 15,568 bytes
Description: *** Testing the checkpoint feature ***
System Checkpoint Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2) system-fm-vrrp:
Created by admin
Created at Thu, 11:31:41 22 May2010
Size is 15,581 bytes
Description: Created by Feature Manager.

NX-OS CHECKPOINT & ROLLBACK LIMITATIONS & Guidelines:

  • The maximum number of checkpoints supported is equal to ten (10).
  • Checkpoints are stored in an internal repository not accessible by the common user.
  • Checkpoints are persistent and synced between redundant supervisors.
  • It is not possible to apply or import the checkpoint file from another Nexus switch. Checkpoints can only be used on the device they were created on.
  • Only one user at a time can perform a checkpoint, rollback, or copy of the running configuration to the startup configuration.
  • Checkpoints are cleared from the system’s database after executing the write erase or reload command (switch reload).
  • Checkpoints can be manually cleared by running the clear checkpoint database command. The checkpoints saved to the bootflash are not affected by the aforementioned commands.
  • Checkpoints are only local to the NX-OS switch.
  • Rollback using files stored in bootflash is supported only if it has been created using the checkpoint command.
  • Checkpoint names must be unique. You cannot overwrite previously saved checkpoints. If attempting to overwrite existing checkpoints the user will receive the following error: ERROR: ascii-cfg: Checkpoint Name already exists (err id 0x405F002B)
  • Checkpoints are local to a virtual device context (VDC) for the Nexus 7000.
  • Rollback is not supported in the storage VDC for the Nexus 7000
  • Rollback is not supported on the Nexus 5000 after enabling the FCoE feature. System will generate the following error after enabling the FCoE feature: ERROR: FCOE is enabled. Disabling rollback module.

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bilel949401

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